This report summarizes current policies in all 50 states related to state interventions in chronically low-performing schools. Six categories of policies related to intervening in these schools were identified:
- Development or monitoring of school improvement plans.
- Changes in staffing.
- Closing a school.
- Financial incentives or interventions.
- Reforms to the day-to-day operation of the school.
- Changes related to the entity that governs or operates the school.
State policies show a great deal of consistency in approaches to supporting chronically low-performing schools, perhaps because many of the interventions align closely with federal guidance for improving these schools. Despite strong alignment of state policies with federal guidance, state policies vary in the breadth of interventions they allow states to implement. About a third of states have policies in all six categories of interventions. Seven states have more limited options, with policies allowing interventions in only two or three of the six categories. State policies also vary in the specific interventions allowed within each category.